Use of technology in dementia care EJINSIGHT


Image: Jockey Club Centre for Positive Ageing

As the world wide inhabitants carries on ageing, there are far more and more people today suffering from Alzheimer’s disorder (Advert, or dementia). According to an Alzheimer’s Sickness Global (ADI) report in 2019, it is believed that around 50 million men and women around the world have dementia, and every single 3 seconds, an individual in the globe develops dementia . For that reason, it is expected to surge to 150 million people by 2050.

In accordance to the Clinic Authority in 2017, the prevalence rates of dementia in Hong Kong is estimated to be at 5%-8% amid persons aged in excess of 65, and at 20%-30% between these aged over 80. Inferring from this, as many as 100,000 individuals are struggling from dementia in Hong Kong, and the number is escalating 12 months-on-12 months. One more tutorial study revealed in 2012 approximated that around 333,000 would be struggling from dementia by 2039 in the city.

So far, there is no get rid of for the disorder. The health care career commonly believes that early analysis and treatment method can defer worsening of it. Obtaining mentioned that, it is tricky to detect early signs and symptoms of dementia, which often delays therapy. A latest research by CUHK’s Faculty of Medicine verified that brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) driven by artificial intelligence (AI) can detect early cognitive impairment health conditions. The analyze confirmed that sensitivity in the detection of moderate Ad was 92%, which was 25% bigger as in contrast with visible inspection.

People today with dementia will gradually eliminate their cognitive potential. Their need to have of becoming taken care of in every day lifestyle, which provides psychological pressure to the caregivers. Just one of the worst nightmares of carers is the missing of individuals. A review interviewed 576 carers for men and women with dementia by means of on the internet questionnaire in 2021 uncovered that additional than 30% of the respondents experienced experienced dropping their individuals, even though above 80% of them concerned about the recurrence of clients lacking. Consequently, 40% of caregivers forbid the patients to go out by itself. To support recovering lacking family members, far more than 30% of carers would use gadgets with electronic tracking functions.

Many organisations have explored remedies with highly developed technology for the trouble. A single of the examples is the joint efforts of the Jockey Club, St. James’ Settlement and the Hong Kong College of Science and Technological innovation begun the Caring Communities for Dementia Marketing campaign. Launched in 2019, an app Dementia’s Magic formula Angel enables family customers and caregivers of these with dementia who are shed to share important information and facts. The app also encourages the general public to aid locate these missing patients via bluetooth computerized detection when receiving a shed-particular person report. In scenario the lacking elder is in a Solution Angel’s proximity, the bluetooth can send out the place knowledge to the family members users anonymously to reduce the search energy.

In her reserve Well being and Longevity: An Empirical Study in Hong Kong, Dr. Karen Siu Lan Cheung, who is devoted to enhancing the regular of aged products and services by gerontology analysis, outlined that it is significant to encourage an aged-pleasant and supporting neighborhood, such as strengthening group amenities, from housing, outside facilities to transportation, to stimulate the elderly to have an active social lifetime.

To attain these ambitions, we need to have more sources and supporting procedures to fulfill the desires of an ageing culture, primarily for dementia individuals and caregivers. At the very same time, the normal general public need to treatment more about the elders in their neighbourhood to present the spirit of mutual enable and appreciate, so that we can develop a caring and inclusive culture jointly.

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Dr. Winnie Tang&#13

Adjunct Professor, Office of Computer Science, Faculty of Engineering Section of Geography, College of Social Sciences and School of Architecture, The College of Hong Kong


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